At times we take it for granted that digital information is free for all. It may be so but digital devices are needed to obtain this information. And they are not cheap! I must say I am fortunate to be able to participate in this digital world but many around the globe are not. Digital divide simply refers to the gap between the those who are able to use and have access to digital devices, like smart phones, tablets, laptops and computers and those who are unable to. There are many factors that surround what causes this digital divide, some of which as mentioned by the Rainie (2013) from the Washington Post are as follows:
- Education and Income
- Location of community
In schools, parents, employers and the wider community are well aware of the advances of the technological world. Thus, have a certain expectancy towards the education system to generate students who are digitally fluent. They expect these students to stay abreast with the the advancement of technologies in order to be able to manage it in the future. Therefore, there is a digital expectancy amongst members of the community that already exist with regard to participation in technology and the education system.
Below shows how Howell (2012) talks about the six drivers of digital expectancy and how these parties have attitudes and anticipatory belief that they are engaged and are supported by each member to head towards becoming participants of this digital world.
Howell, J. (2012). Teaching with ICT: digital pedagogies for collaboration and creativity. South Melbourne, VIC, Australia: Oxford University Press.
Lee, H. (2011). Infographic: What the new digital divide looks like? [Image]. Colour Lines. Retrieved from http://colorlines.com/archives/2011/12/a_new_digital_divide.html
Marina’s Blog (2012). Digital Divide: Academic Investigation [Image]. Retrieved from http://blogs.swa-jkt.com/swa/11180/tag/production-possibilities-frontier/
Rainie, L. (November 5, 2013).Washington Post Live’s 2013 Bridging the Digital Divide forum. The Washington Post. [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.washingtonpost.com/posttv/business/technology/pew-15-percent-of-americans-dont-use-the-internet/2013/11/06/172a067c-4698-11e3-bf0c-cebf37c6f484_video.html